Call for consultants for review of youth employment policies

Consultancy Terms of Reference for the Review of Employment Policies that touch on Youth Employment

Call for consultants for review of youth employment policies

Organization Summary

PAWA Initiative is a youth-led nonprofit established in Kenya in 2009. It is Kenya’s unique art and a cultural collaborative hub that houses, fosters and catalyzes creative and community-driven projects for social change. PAWA is largely referred to as PAWA 254: the acronym “PAWA” is Swahili slang for “power,” while “254” is Kenya’s international telephone code.

Over the last five years, the youth-led organization has cut a niche as a bold ‘artivism’ organization that creatively integrates art and activism to promote active civic participation, livelihoods and employment development for Kenyan youth. PAWA leverages the power of arts to strengthen the understanding and exploration of emerging issues in Kenya and increase youth involvement in positive development processes.

PAWA ‘s vision is to facilitate a bold, innovative and thriving art and media landscape to create social change in Kenya and exists to provide space and avenues where artists can learn and develop skills that could expose them to more opportunities for enhanced outputs while promoting social change.

Our work is organized around two thematic areas;

Arts and media:  entails developing the capacity of emerging artists and facilitating the integration of this artistic expression for livelihoods development. The provision of a state of the art co-working space consisting of creative suites for artists and professional equipment such as cameras, lighting, and other production equipment, skills transfer, networking and partnership opportunities.

Civic Engagement & Social Accountability: we use art as a form of civic engagement through dance, poetry, graffiti, theatre, music, film and photography to spark civic participation through focusing attention on emerging social concerns in the country and in the process prompt action. The arts are leveraged to spark civic participation through focusing attention on emerging social concerns in the country and in the process prompt communities to action. Further, through art and media, PAWA brings forward unheard voices in public discourses and convenes groups of people with divergent views through the provision of physical, psychological, experiential and intellectual spaces conducive to reflection and discussion.

Project Background

Jenga Hustle is a programme that focuses on addressing the ticking time bomb of youth unemployment in Kenya. The programme recognizes that in order for an individual to effectively give their input and contribute to an economy, they should have access to effective public service delivery. Public service should be gender responsive to create an enabling environment for growth and maximum productivity.

Policies are put in place to ensure that the enabling environment is created for the people to effectively contribute to the economy. The Government of Kenya continue to develop numerous policies but every regime tends to focus in specific areas. However, with over 17 employment policies, the rate of unemployment is one of the key challenges that faces every government. Research shows that the Kenyan economy only absorbs about 25% of youth, leaving 75% out to shoulder the weight of unemployment.

Additionally, Affirmative actions and directives have been made to decrease the rate of unemployment. Nonetheless, the rate of youth unemployment in Kenya remains at 39%.  As a result, numerous organizations have come up to tackle issues of unemployment, however, to be able to wholesomely remedy the situation, there is need to conduct a comprehensive policy analysis of the existing legislative and policy framework and the opportunities that this avail. Develop a tool that will mirror the existing employment policies against specific specifications that will ensure the policies are futuristic, inclusive and capture the emerging issues to make them friendly for young people to live up to their aspirations.

Research Background

Employment creation in Kenya has been central in all government policies with a long record of implementing employment policies for over 40 years. However, the focus has largely been on increasing opportunities rather than the quality of employment creation. It is for this reason the informal economy has remained the main contributor to employment opportunities. Opportunities in the informal sector tend to be largely casual, temporary, low wage, and without effective job security.

Each of Kenya’s regime has different focus areas in terms of policy development and policy implementation. For this reason, policies were augmented with various short-term interventions that aimed to address particular issues of employment generation. On the other hand, interventions such as wage restraint, economic growth, industrial and agricultural promotion, public works programmes and active labour market policies are present in all regimes. Although there has been a range of policy initiatives directed at the employment challenge, the continuously difficult employment situation implies that they have been inadequate. That said, it is difficult to assess whether these policies failed because of their focus and/or the manner of implementation.

With support from Action Aid International Kenya, PAWA is among the partners implementing AAIK – AADK DANIDA funded Programme. The program’s overall objective is to contribute to empowerment of young wo/men living in poverty and exclusion to engage in productive employment through access to employment as a result of the implementation of the National Employment Authority Act 2016, engagement in social enterprise and also successfully pilot innovative social entrepreneurship initiatives and agribusiness ventures for economic empowerment while advocating for the implementation of the existing legislative and policy frame as well as formulation and enactment of policies aimed at imposing sanctions on county governments and their institutions in case of non- compliance and non-adherence to guidelines on promotion of youth employment.

PAWA proposes to employ the organization’s integrated art, media, and technology model to contribute to the empowerment of poor and excluded youth to demand sustainable and productive employment in Kenya. With initial efforts commencing in Nairobi County, PAWA’s interventions will entail equipping youth with knowledge and building their confidence to engage with duty bearers for the implementation of policies that commit to employment creation.

Overall Objectives

Interrogate the logic of developing independent employment policies or merging employment policies with industrial policies, innovation policies, and Economic Policies.

Identify the dynamics of a policy that ignites institutional support and adjusts to institutional changes that trigger economic growth.

Identify mechanisms and provide recommendations on sustainable policy interventions that will act as catalysts to youth empowerment and optimal development.

Objectives of the consultancy

1)         Provide a comprehensive review of Kenya’s experience with policies on youth employment promotion to inform an integrated approach to tackle the challenge and inform the proper scale of policy intervention.

2)         Fine-tuning of policies to address the most pressing employment needs of young People by locating employment as a central policy objective, rather than as a by-product of the economic process.

Key Deliverables

The Consultant will submit the following deliverables at the end of the assignment:

  1. A toolkit or a set of guidelines to mirror policies for inclusive, futuristic and youth-friendly policies.
  2. Mirror one policy that will act as a guide for other policies.
  3. Deliver Training on the toolkit for the Trainers of Trainers.
  4. General recommendations in the form of a report based on the analysis and evaluation of policies and guidelines development.
Qualifications of the Consultant
  • Postgraduate qualifications in any of the social sciences; Sociology, Development studies or any other related field such as statistics or research.
  • Extensive knowledge of and working experience of more than five years in leading (designing and undertaking) qualitative and quantitative research and analytical work.
  • Knowledge and working experience in developing policies and legislative framework.
  • Understanding of youth employment in Kenya and experience of working with youth programs.
  • Ability to work under a tight schedule and deliver good quality research work; and
  • Good knowledge of the actors and sources of information in the areas of study
Duration of the Assignment

The consultancy is expected to take a maximum of 21 days upon selection of the successful consultant; starting from 1st July 2019. This includes the preparatory phase and report writing (inclusive of draft toolkit). The final deliverable should reach PAWA Initiative within the agreed timeline. Expression of interest by consultants should be forwarded between 17th June and 28th of June 2019. Deadline for submission of all deliverable is 22nd July 2019.

Expression of Interest Requirements
  1. A proposal to PAWA Initiative interpreting the terms of reference and elaborating the consultancy, approaches, and design, level of effort required to fully deliver the assignment, with a work plan and budget for undertaking the assignment
  2. A sample of similar work conducted.
  3. CV of the consultant to undertake the proposed assignment
Supervisory and Quality Assurance

PAWA Initiative’s Civic Engagement Officer will supervise the Consultant.

Assurance of Confidentiality

All deliberation relating to the consultancy, including all information collected from various meetings/documents shall be kept confidential and shall not be divulged to any third party either verbally, in writing or in any other form.

Logistics and Procedures

The consultancy will be inclusive of all expenses accrued in the process of the consultancy. If the consultant requires office space from where to work, the same can be arranged with PAWA to allocate space at the PAWA office.

The consultancy and project location is Nairobi County.


All interested applications should their documents to

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